THE JERDON'S COURSER Bird Special cancellation

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Advert #97

The Special cover issued on 1st October 2005 CUDDAPEX Philatelic Exhibition.

THE JERDON’S COURSER (Rhinoptilus bitorquatus), or Kalivi Kodi (in Telugu) has been one of the most intriguing and secretive birds Known to nature. Ripley and Beehler in 1989 affirmed the genus ‘Rhinoptilus’ after its nocturnal nature. Spotted and used for scientific purposes by the British surgeon, Dr. T. C. Jerdon (during his terture in the Hyderabad State, especially in Cuddapah) around 1848,. after which it was believed to be near extinct, it was ‘rediscovered’ by Howard Campbell in the 1900s.

Very few of its skinned specimens were known from collections. Thereafter, again it was as good as lost to natural history records for around 86 years, until Bharat Bhushan of the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) ‘rediscovered1 it, in Cuddapah (KADAPA).
In fact, this bird even evaded the ornithologist par excellence, Dr. Salim Ali, when he went seeking it during the 1970s.

The Jerdon’s Courser’s case becomes really special in that it is listed among the most ‘Critically Endangered’ birds of the world in the Bird Life International Red Data Book. Andhra Pradesh is the only known home to this winged enigma, with a sanctuary dedicated to this bird in the wake of its rediscovery in 1986 – the Sri Lankamalleswara Bird Sanctuary.

The Jerdon’s Courser is naturally found in the scrub jungles around the Godavari and Pennar river valleys – Nellore, Cuddapah, Bhadra-chalam, Borgumpad, Badvel and Anantapur in Andhra Pradesh.

” Red Sander”

A vanishing wealth in South India The Red sander, known’ ‘to botanists as Prerocarpus santalinus Linn, is a decidous tree endemic to Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. For centuries, Ayurveda has made use of the grated paste of red sanders as a protection for skin as it provides resistence and for removing scars of small pox. Wood is endemic to just two lakh hectares in the entire world in Seshachalam ranges of Kadapa and Chittoor dist’s of Andhra Pradesh of India.

An unconfirmed version making rounds is that it is used as a coolant in nuclear reactors, which is perhaps why the South East Asian nations are a preferred destination for the wood. A source line of red sanders to Japan came to light that Rose-red and curvy-grained, the red sanders timber had never ravished any international shopper till, about a decade ago, the Japanese announced that this was a major constituent in the manufacture of Japan’s national musical instrument Shamsein.